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What are the options you have for Painting?
The options are aplenty and it depends on what you are looking for. Also, the choice depends on whether you want to paint the exterior or interior walls.
Let’s look at some of the popular painting choices that contractors offer:
Distemper: A water-based paint, this is one of the most economical options you have.
Emulsions: Suitable for interior walls, emulsions offer a matte finish and offers great durability. It is washable too.
Lustre or Enamel Paints: These are solvent-based paints and have the same finish as oil paints do. They look rich and have their own luster. However, they come with a strong odour, which at times is toxic to inhale.
Functional Paints: These come with a specific function like eliminating insects, dust mites, or germs. These are safe and non-toxic in nature.
What are the different types of paints?
The different types of paints based on technical specifications are:
Whitewash: Whitewash is a paint made from a blend of slaked lime or powdered chalk and water and is used for whitening walls, woodworks, etc. Sometimes additives such as fevicol are also added in the mixture to make the walls colorful.
Oil Paint: Oil-based paints are usually slow drying paints which comprise of particles of pigment that are suspended in a drying oil or an oil varnish as the basic vehicle. Oil-based paints are harder and thicker. They are also very glossy and have a smooth texture. They are highly durable and stain-resistant.
Emulsion paint: Emulsions are a mix of two different liquids which don’t mix well. These type of paints are basically water-based paints. They are used for internal as well as the external surface coating of any building. They dry very quickly and hence they are suitable for both external as well as internal surfaces.
Cement-based paints: Cement-based paints are water-based paints where the cement is the main base. It is used for exterior wall surfaces for preventing the water penetration and reduction of dirt collection.
Enamel paint: These are oil-based paints having a considerably glossy finish. They comprise of zinc white, white lead, resinous matter, and petroleum spirit. Enamel paints have a hard strong finish and are very durable.
Distemper paint: These are water-based paints. The main constituents of this distemper are lime, water, and some coloring pigments if required.
Luminous paints: A paint that glows in the dark as it contains a substance which emits light for a length of time after exposure to any energy source. The different types of luminous paints include fluorescent paint, phosphorescent paint, and radioactive paint.
Metallic paint: A paint which comprises of metals like aluminium, copper, bronze and stainless steel which give a metallic appearance to the film. Such paints are mostly used for painting the metallic surface.
Rubber paint: Rubber paints are emulsion paints having chlorinated rubber as its binder or some non-volatile vehicle. This paint can withstand water and many other tough conditions. This paint is used for boats, swimming pools, etc.
Anti-corrosive paint: Anti-corrosive paints have corrosion-resistant pigments such as zinc chromate, red lead, and lead chromate. It protects the metal components against any sort of degradation due to moisture, oxidation, salt spray or other environmental as well as industrial chemicals.