Physiotherapy or physical therapy is a type of physical medicine that focuses on providing remedies for impairments and promotes mobility, function and quality of life. Physiotherapy in general deals with musculoskeletal injuries or ailments. It is generally provided along with other medical services for it to be more effective. The 5 major types of physiotherapy are orthopedic, neurological, geriatric, cardiovascular and pediatric.
Here below is a brief description on the 5 major types of physiotherapy.
The Orthopedic physiotherapy is the most common type and it can help treat a variety of issues related to the muscle and bone structure of the body. Orthopedic physiotherapy is mainly found in sports because athletes tend to physically exert themselves which leads to injuries. Orthopedic physiotherapy also helps people who have undergone orthopedic surgeries for musculoskeletal injuries such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Tendonitis, Ligament Sprain, Tension Neck Syndrome etc. Orthopedic Physiotherapy helps improve the muscle movement and can be used for the prevention of arthritis.
Neurological Physiotherapy or neurophysiotherapy is a type of physical therapy which specializes in assessing and treating patients dealing with nerve issues. Ones who suffered a stroke attack are the most common patients that these therapists deal with. The victims work together with the therapist in regaining mobility in different areas of the body which may been affected during the attack. With the help of regular therapy, the stroke patients eventually gain control over their nervous system. Some of the major ailments treated are chronic back pain, Alzheimer’s disease, Cerebral Palsy, MS, Parkinson’s etc.
Cardiovascular physiotherapy is an effective way of treating any ailments associated with the heart. Patients who have suffered a heart attack are recommended to consult these types of therapists. Cardiovascular physiotherapy also helps in the recovery process of anyone who underwent a heart surgery. Cardiovascular physiotherapists help boost endurance and suggest exercises to strengthen the functioning of the heart. Patients with lung conditions like cystic fibrosis and COPD can also consult these physiotherapists.
Pediatric physiotherapy deals with assessing and treating different health complications pertaining to infants, children and young teens at an early stage. These complications can involve either musculoskeletal or neurological ailments. Pediatric physiotherapy focuses on improving motors skills, balance, coordination, strength, endurance as well as sensory processing.
Physiotherapy that deals with various ailments associated with elderly patients is called Geriatric Physiotherapy. Many conditions affect people as they grow old and few common issues are: Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, Joint replacement, balance disorder, incontinence etc. Due to the limited mobility, most of treatment takes place at the residence of the patient. Every healthcare establishment will have a geriatric therapist and they will help in recovery of the patient’s independence.
A broad understanding of these different types will give you a much clear idea on which one will work the best. Take a look at some of the best physiotherapists here.